The Bennett Polypharmacy Profile (BPP) was developed by Cecil Bennett M.D., primary care physician and CEO of Primary Diagnostic Systems.


The Bennett Polypharmacy Profile (BPP) was developed by Cecil Bennett M.D., primary care physician and CEO of Primary Diagnostic Systems. The profile is a urinalysis that test for the most commonly prescribed drugs, over-the-counter medications and herbal supplements. Current urine drug screens (UDS) only screen for drugs of abuse or illicit drugs. For primary care physicians, the BPP is a valuable tool that can be utilized in the medical management of seniors, patients with chronic pain and patients with common medical issues that require the use of daily medication.

This BPP will:

  • Dramatically improve verification of the medications patients are taking or not taking.
  • Reduce the risk of drug interactions by identifying medications in a patient’s system that were not prescribed by the physician.
  • Decrease the number of death and illnesses in the US due to polypharmacy and drug interactions.
  • Reduce potential medical litigation
  • Facilitate discussion with patients if the data report varies from the medications prescribed.



The Issue of Polypharmacy

  • There are over 47 million senior in the US today and that number is expected to mushroom to over 83 million by 2050.
  • Nearly 1/3 of Americans ages 57 to 85 are taking five or more medications.
  • Adverse Drug Events (ADE) cause over 700,000 emergency department visits each year.
  • Over 100,000 people die each year due to adverse drug events.
  • It is the 4th leading cause of death in the U.S.
  • $3.5 billion is spent on extra medical costs dues to ADEs annually.

Why the Bennett Polypharmacy Profile (BPP)?

  • Objective analysis of what your patient is actually taking; you no longer have to guess.
  • Test for the most commonly prescribed medications; the test is comprehensive.
  • Includes herbal supplements and OTC pain medications, which can interact with prescribed drugs and cause unwanted side effects.
  • Objective analysis of the medication use of visible and critical employees in the public domain, such as pilots, police officers, specialized government and military personnel.
  • Objective analysis of client medication use for insurance companies planning to write large life policies.
  • Sensitivity and specificity greater than 97%; you can have confidence in the results.
  • Objective evidence of a patient’s compliance or non-compliance; an important medical legal tool.

Current Procedures Doctors Use To Verify Patient Medications

  • Refer to a list in the chart/EMR; this list many times is incomplete and do not reflect medications other doctors have prescribed.
  • Ask the patient to write down from memory their medications, which can also be incomplete because of recall error.
  • Have the patient bring their medications in during the visit: this is extremely time consuming and still does not verify what medications are actually being taken.

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